Za4etka Fri, 11 Jun 2021 18:14:35 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Za4etka 32 32 Retroactive name changes in astronomical publications Fri, 11 Jun 2021 18:05:22 +0000

If you’re active on Twitter astronomy, you’ve probably seen a lot of discussion lately about academic journal policies regarding retroactive change of publication names. The work and obstacles of the process can add a lot of difficulty to the academic life of transgender and non-binary researchers *. Many transgender people replace their birth name with a name that better matches their gender, but if they do so after posting a job, they can find themselves in a difficult situation. In some journals, publications may be retroactively corrected to show their chosen real / name. For other journals, people have the choice of revealing their death name and get out, or no longer claim some past work on their CV. Additionally, some Cisgender astronomers may change their names for reasons such as marriage or religion.

There are two parts to resolving the disconnection between posts with different names. First, it can be difficult to find all of a person’s past work by searching for their current name, if some publications still use their old name. But, even with this issue resolved, the issue of trans people leaving remains when their old name is visible. So the second part of the solution is to change the instances of their old name on old paper.

Some recent discussions were sparked by a series of tweets from Dr Elspeth Lee. His experiences caught the attention of many friends and allies, who have since pushed for change (more on that later).

Publication policies

the Publication ethics committee (COPE) is currently development of guidelines for author name changes after the article has been published. They have, however, already published an article edited by Professor Tess Tanenbaum on five guiding principles and best practices for the process:

  1. Accessibility: Name changes should not require legal documents or unnecessary work on the part of the requesting author.
  2. Completeness: The edit should remove all instances of the author’s previous name from the publisher’s records.
  3. Invisibility: The change should not draw attention to the change in the author’s name or gender identity.
  4. Timeliness and simplicity: The process should be quick and unbureaucratic.
  5. Recurrence and maintenance: Publishers should regularly check their documents to ensure that changed names are kept.

Professor Tanenbaum also wrote a item in Nature why it matters to her and other transgender astronomers.

Here are the policies of some major astronomy publishers and article hosts (as of June 10, 2021):

  • American Astronomical Society (AAS) Journals (Astrophysical Journal, Astronomical Journal, Letters from the Astrophysical Journal, Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Planetary Scientific Journal, Research Notes) [IOP Publishing]: An author can fill out a form to request a name change, which does not require legal documentation or reason for the request (more info here).
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics (A&A) [EDP Sciences]: Currently, no post-publication name changes are allowed. Note: On June 4, 2021, A&A tweeted that its editors were in contact with the EDP board to change this.
  • Monthly notices from the Royal Astronomical Society (MNRAS) [Oxford University Press]: Currently, at the request of an author, he will update his name on the HTML version but not on the PDF. Note: They said on Twitter that they are working on a solution with OUP.
  • [Cornell University]: An author can request a name change through the User Support Portal or their help email. They will incorporate the name changes into the original LaTeX file and recompile the PDFs.
  • Astrophysical Data System (ADS) [Harvard]: An author can email them all of the names they’ve posted under, and ADS will store the names as synonyms, showing results for all names listed during a search. They also plan to follow COPE policies and change the names of authors whether or not the original publisher does.

For more information on other journals / editors, see this spreadsheet compiled by Dr Jost Migenda with help from the community to follow COPE principles.

Experiences of trans authors

At the 238 meeting of the AAS, the Committee for Sexual and Gender Minorities in Astronomy (SGMA) met and discussed this issue. Jessica Mink from the Harvard & Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics presented the history and state of the problem, as well as her personal experiences. She admitted that it has been largely easier for her, as a senior developer of astronomical software, than for those just starting out in their careers and those in the workforce. She was able to update ADS very easily as she knew it personally and worked alongside the responsible person. All of his ADS work can now be found by searching for his current or previous name. ORCiD is another way to help bring the posts together, as each person is assigned a number that won’t need to change when the names do, but names are still used in quotes so it’s not a complete solution.

Jessica has made the personal decision not to change her name in previous posts because she is an activist and wants people to know that she is trans. Dr Anne Archibald made the transition to entering graduate school, but posted an article under her old name, limiting how secretive she can be about being transgender. She decided early on to assume that everyone knew she was transgender, and now that she has a teaching position, she decided to be a little more open, as it could make a difference for young astronomers. trans. Professor Jan Eldridge also changed his current name, but not that of older publications. She has been posting under her initials for some time (JJ), but plans to go back and update older journals, especially those with her old full name.

A common theme among my conversations with transgender astronomers is that they’ve been able to make strides in replacing their old name in a professional manner, but they haven’t been able to thoroughly update all the old papers. Adding the synonyms on ADS seems to be one of the earliest / easiest steps for them, but some posts do not change the names of earlier articles in any way. These policies need to be changed so that transgender people are safe and comfortable with collecting their past work.

What is being done to solve this problem?

In early June 2021, a community of astronomers came together to push for change in these outdated policies. One personal action that many astronomers have taken is of a kind of boycott, where they refuse to review or submit work to Astronomy & Astrophysics until they authorize the name changes. Coincidentally, one of those astronomers, Professor Caroline Morley, received a request for a review right at the start of these conversations and shared his response:

PhD student Emily Hunt led a group of astronomers in writing a open letter to the A&A Board of Directors, which anyone can to log in at. They had more than 700 signatures as of Wednesday morning June 9. At the SGMA meeting, members also shared that the editors of AAS journals and the Committee on the Status of Women in Astronomy (CWSA) working on letters to editors A&A and MNRAS. CWSA also shared a declaration on their Women In Astronomy blog.

Many astronomers who have brought their experiences to this work have pointed out how much it took a great allied and collaborative effort to work on improving policies. One easy thing allies can do to help is have conversations with editors and colleagues to help them understand the problem and why it is important. In addition to the professional concerns of papers under multiple names, Professor Jan Eldridge pointed out that “just by recognizing a new name of a person that changes it, it reaffirms its identity. Beyond all other things, this is a really easy way to accept and support a trans person.

* I have used the word ‘transgender’ throughout the article to describe people who have changed their names due to their gender identity, but it’s important to note that not all non-binary people identify with themselves not as transgender, and that not all transgender and non-binary people change. their names.

Edited by Alex Gough, Lili Alderson, Luna Zagorac

Cover image credit: Laurie Raye

About Macy Huston

I am a third year student at Pennsylvania State University studying astronomy and astrophysics. My current work focuses on technosignatures, also known as Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI). I am generally interested in research on exoplanets and adjacent exoplanets. In the past, I have researched the planetary microlens and the formation of low mass stars and brown dwarfs.

]]> 0
Delhi Skills University to Start Welcoming Students from Next Academic Year | Latest Delhi News Fri, 11 Jun 2021 17:57:26 +0000

Education Minister Manish Sisodia announced on Friday that the next Delhi University of Skills and Entrepreneurship (DSEU) will start admitting students from the next academic session (2022-2023) and said that the university would not enroll students based on their grade 12 results; Rather, target schools to identify students’ interests, talents and mindset for entrepreneurship.

The Delhi government established the DSEU in Dwarka last year. The university will offer 12 employment-focused undergraduate courses including a bachelor’s degree in digital media, a bachelor’s degree in business management, a bachelor’s degree in data analysis, and a bachelor’s degree in aesthetics and beauty, among others.

Initially, the university will host 6,000 students, of which 4,500 will be enrolled in degree courses and 1,500 in degree courses. It will conduct an aptitude test in December or January on the basis of which the students will be selected.

In a statement released by the Delhi government on Friday, Sisiodia said: “The DESU admission process will be such that the university will go to schools to extend admissions to all children who wish to participate in learning skills. . The DSEU will organize aptitude tests during the months of December / January and based on the results of the tests, students will be admitted. DSEU will focus on conducting a 360 degree assessment. While most universities continue their old practice of admitting students based on grades, DSEU will be the first university in India that will focus on the general interests, talent and mindset of students. Such a practice is new in India but is not unpopular abroad.

“Universities such as Oxford in the UK admit students based on the courses and projects they complete, not based on board exam scores. Likewise, our children can now be sure that they will be admitted to a university that will not focus on their grades but on their intention and interest in studying skills and becoming entrepreneurs, ”said the education Minister.

On Friday, Sisodia also interacted with Delhi public school principals, DSEU Vice-Chancellor Neeharika Vohra, and MP Atishi Marlena, via a webinar to discuss the university’s admission plan. “The goal of this university is to give confidence to every student, whatever their caliber. Generic undergraduate courses do not encourage our students to become entrepreneurs. We cannot think that our children will take generic and archaic classes to be ready for the future. They must be endowed with the appropriate skills… ”

]]> 0
Sports medicine wins Impact award on student success Fri, 11 Jun 2021 14:02:06 +0000

KENNESAW, Georgia – The incredible work of Kennesaw State University’s sports medicine staff this year was recognized this week when the unit won the Student Success Impact Award, awarded by the Human Resources Department at KSU.

The Student Success Impact Award recognizes KSU staff members who have made a significant contribution to the development of the KSU student body. Ideal candidates are those who contribute to the personal, professional or academic development of a student or group of students beyond the expectations of their position.

Mike Young, Chris Archambeault, Amy prall, Trina trim, Starkman faith, Kyle zimmerman, Keith Mize, and Claire Manley has gone beyond this season not only to fulfill his duties as a training staff, but also to serve in the department’s COVID-19 efforts in return and for the continuation of the competition.

“The sports medicine staff are both honored and touched to receive this award from Kennesaw State University,” said AD Assistant for Sports Medicine. Mike Young. “We are grateful to be able to work with such an exceptional group of medical providers, athletic administrators, coaches, staff and student athletes who without their discipline and compliance we would not have been able to do. perform our duties during this difficult year. “

The sports medicine team was recently featured in the exclusive Owl HR. Click on here to know more.

The award criteria are listed below:

  • Contributes to student success in a notable and measurable way, including, but not limited to, the personal, professional or academic development of a student or group of students beyond the expectations of their position.
  • Fosters collaboration, communication and cooperation among colleagues and members of the campus community with student success in mind.
  • Demonstrates decisions guided by a commitment to university student achievement goals that consistently align with USG and KSU values, mission, vision, and code of ethics.
  • Support for the development of students’ skills in the areas of knowledge, communication or critical thinking beyond what is expected of their position.
  • Contributes to the retention of one or more students beyond the expectations of their position.
  • Demonstrates exceptional ability and willingness to manage changes in work priorities, procedures and organization to promote student success.
  • Demonstrates personal initiative and commitment to developing knowledge and skills and applying them to work in a student-centered manner; that is, there is evidence that the candidate seeks to continually learn, improve, and ultimately apply what he has learned.
  • Consistently displays a caring and helpful attitude towards students, as evidenced by student feedback, supervisor reviews, peer reviews, etc.
  • Work and initiatives of champions based on best practice, science and / or proven research results.

For more information on Kennesaw State Track and Field, follow @KSUOwlNation on Twitter or as Kennesaw State Owls on Facebook and Instagram.

]]> 0
Approved location for £ 28million Faifley Education Campus Fri, 11 Jun 2021 09:58:32 +0000

Approved location for £ 28million Faifley education campus

A new education campus in Faifley is to be built on the current site of St Joseph’s Primary School, councilors agreed.

New Faifley Campus to be built at St Joseph Primary School

A report presented to the members of West Dunbartonshire Council the Education Services Committee detailed plans to build the £ 28.86million Faifley Campus which will integrate St Joseph’s Primary School co-located with Edinbarnet Primary School; an educational resource center; Auchnacraig and Lennox Early Learning and Child Care Centers; a base of additional support needs; a community library and a community space.

Members heard from St Joseph’s The site was the most suitable for the new campus because it offers the possibility of carrying out a construction in tandem without disturbing the education of the pupils on site. St Joseph’s Primary School is accessible directly from Faifley Road with good public transport safe links and trails that would encourage families to walk sschool, and these factors were taken into account in the site selection. In addition, the site is close to religious proximity church.

The new campus will also have a state-of-the-art multipurpose play area (MUGA) for outdoor sports to enhance physical activity opportunities among students.

Further engagement will take place with the community with a statutory consultation being prepared and presented at the education committee meeting in September.

Educational Services Facilitator, Advisor Karen Conaghan, said: “I am delighted to see the plans for the new campus take a step forward. This campus will see hundreds of children move into new buildings designed to allow them to learn and grow in a modern learning environment suitable for 21st century education. I want to make sure that we are working with all departments to maximize the benefits to the community and in addition to making sure that we provide safe roads and trails to encourage students to walk to school. In addition to the new schools and the preschool learning center, we have included in our plans a new library and a new community space, which will be made available to residents.

Councilor Ian Dickson, Vice-President of Educational Services, said: “I know this plan will be well received by the parents, caregivers and students of Faifley as well as by all residents who will benefit from the community space within the new facility.

“I want to take this opportunity to thank everyone who provided feedback on the location of the new campus during the engagement sessions. Your feedback was very clear, everyone agrees and supports the construction of this new campus in Faifley which will be an asset for the whole community.

]]> 0
Andrew Ryan, a man from Cork in Constantinople Fri, 11 Jun 2021 05:21:11 +0000

Until the beginning of the 19th century, few Muslims in the Ottoman Empire knew languages ​​other than Ottoman, Persian and Arabic. The Ottomans communicated with Europe through dragomaniacs, whose work – like that of translators and interpreters today – involved much more than delivering ready-made messages.

They translated, orally and in writing, but also wrote notes and negotiated deals, ran errands and sold secrets. During the translation, they intervened, adding and cutting, sometimes modifying the meaning, often reframing the source, masking the cultural aspects or contextualizing the political claims, reformulating the words of the author or rewriting their introduction. They are intermediaries who cross the cultural, religious, ethnic, political and, of course, linguistic borders between East and West. This freedom has given some of them real power.

Alexander Mavrocordato was once described as “one of the best actors in Europe”. Born in Constantinople in 1641, a descendant of wealthy Greeks (a class known as the Phanariotes), he studied medicine in Italy, writing a thesis on blood circulation. What circulated in his life, professional, political and private, was a rapid flow of information.

Back home, in 1673 he became the great dragoman; a post combining the functions of chief government interpreter and deputy foreign minister. His career was interrupted by the Great Turkish War and in 1683, following the Ottoman defeat in Vienna, he was imprisoned in chains and sentenced to a huge fine. However, his knowledge of European languages ​​and customs made him indispensable, and he was soon reinstated.

The Dragoman works as a translator, interpreter and guide.  Photograph: Carl Simon / United Archives / Universal Images Group via Getty Images

The Dragoman works as a translator, interpreter and guide. Photograph: Carl Simon / United Archives / Universal Images Group via Getty Images

In 1699, Mavrocordato helped negotiate the Carlowitz Peace between the Ottomans and the Habsburgs, making each side believe that the initiative came from the other. For his success in this mission, he was appointed “Minister of Secrets”; his associates, meanwhile, awarded him various epithets, from “a handsome, very discreet and civil man” to “instrument in everything and wise and practical” to “Judas”.

A tall and scheming, a wealthy man whose private library was famous throughout Europe, a polyglot who knew Ottoman, Persian, Arabic, Greek, Latin, French, Italian and probably also German and Romanian, a prominent figure in eastern and western politics, Alexander Mavrocordato was also the founder of a dynasty of dragomans. Their history reflects in many ways the history of the Greeks in the Ottoman Empire. Christians in the midst of Islamic civilization, they have retained their religious and ethnic identity while being part of that culture, a feat achieved in part thanks to the language.

The Phanariots continued to benefit from their loyalty to the Ottoman Empire until the 19th century, when they were suspected of supporting the Greek War of Independence. In 1821, Stavrachi Aristarchi, the last Phanariot dragoman, was accused of high treason, exiled and killed. Over the following decades, a different type of translator emerged in the newly independent Greece.

On April 11, 1870, a group of seven British and two Italians set out from Athens to visit the historic battlefield of Marathon. They were accompanied by a Greek guide named Alexander Anemoyannis. On the way back, the tourists meet a detachment sent to escort them, but advance without the guards. A band of brigands captured them; the women were released, the men detained. Anemoyannis tried to escape but the kidnappers caught up with him shouting: “The dragoman too!”

Negotiations ensued, led in part by Anemoyannis. The thieves demanded ransom and amnesty for themselves and their imprisoned associates. The British, suspecting the Greek government of being in cahoots with the klephts, were ready to pay the requested sum, but instead a rescue expedition was organized. It didn’t go as planned. Pursued by the military, the bandits sent the guide to speak to their commander, who told the messenger to inform the criminals that “they could receive the money and leave the state under conditions of safety.” Anemoyannis did not transmit this response to the brigands. As they fled, the four remaining captives could not follow the gang and were killed.

Anemoyannis has been accused of general complicity with the bandits, including willful negligence throughout the negotiations. During the investigation, one of the guards testified that he warned tourists on several occasions, urging them not to proceed alone, but they ignored it. Anemoyannis’ claim that he translated the warning has been disputed. Nevertheless, he was cleared of all blame and managed to return to his profession, accompanying foreign tourists on trips to the countryside for years.

Word must have spread about his dubious background, but then, like much later, many travelers expected their guides to be cheaters, casting their worst suspicions on the locals on the profession.

Seen through the prism of language, Anglo-Greek relations of this period reflect broader policies. Some 19th century British sources linked Ireland and Greece. Ireland’s “unruly districts” were often referred to as “Greek”; the Telegraph called the brigands “the Continental Fenians”; the Standard suggested that “Greek” was colonial slang for “Irish”. Politicians frequently referred to Greek robbers as banditti, a word that also applied to the Ribbonmen, a secret society that operated in rural Ireland. British imperial attitudes crossed borders easily, even if that meant traveling in the company of unreliable guides.

Andre Ryan

Andre Ryan

Native Near Eastern linguists were often – sometimes unfairly – criticized for their disloyalty or incompetence, and so in 1877 Britain created the Levant Consular Service to fill the posts. diplomatic with its own framework. Andrew Ryan’s decision to apply for a performance student job was a safe career option. “My fondness would have been for the bar,” he wrote in his memoir, The Last of the Dragomans, “but it seemed too hazardous a profession to me. “

Born in Cork in 1876, Ryan chose the civil service, “which then attracted a lot of guys to Ireland”, and graduated from Cambridge with “a good knowledge of Turkish, a little Arabic, hardly any Persian, the basics soon. forgotten Russian and a tincture of law ”. This is the baggage he brought with him to Constantinople in 1899.

As a young embassy dragoman, Ryan attended court hearings on British matters, acting as an interpreter lawyer. When the judges question the defendants, he must “reduce their answers to the appropriate language specific to a report”. Sometimes the language of her fellow Britons proved irreducible: for example, when “a most disreputable old woman” shouted “Honey!” to the blushing young man, or when he did his best “to tone down the treatment of a very ordinary and disorderly drunkard, who in his cups had not only assaulted the police, but had impartially vilified the Prophet, the Sultan and the queen Victoria ”. There was nothing Ryan could do about the Gazette, for such abuses were too serious to deal with immediately. “I suggested that maybe I be allowed to take care of Queen Victoria, but the man was nine months old.”

Ryan’s responsibilities also included processing customs declarations (imported goods ranged from toy guns and cubs to New Testaments, prompting an official to ask, “Who is writing this to the people of Galata?” conversions to Islam, slaves take refuge in the embassy, ​​and much more. When a production of The Merchant of Venice was banned in Constantinople, Ryan’s protest that “the play was the work of a British subject named Shakespeare, whom we had never regarded as undesirable, but on the contrary as an honor to the country “was not work: the authorities replied that” Shylock’s treatment was calculated to create the discord among the subjects of the Sultan ”.

A seasoned word game player, Ryan approached translation as an exact art. In 1924, when the fledgling Republic of Turkey abolished the caliphate, he translated the constitution, making it appear “subtle enough to perhaps suggest to pious thinkers that the old caliphate was somehow preserved in the personality of the Republic ”, although the new government had rejected such suggestions.

Like many translators today, Ryan often had to choose between taking sides and staying neutral. In another familiar scenario, there was a degree of uncertainty associated with his work. Back in the days when it was safer to be a dragoman than to be a lawyer, Ryan already had reservations about the prospects of his profession: “We are doomed to disappear sooner or later, because no civilized European government would tolerate a class. foreign officials whose business it was. interfere directly with all their public functions.

Indeed, the Treaty of Lausanne, signed in 1923, puts an end to the title. Dragomans had to go – to make way for progress.

Anna Aslanyan is a journalist and translator. His popular history of translation, Dancing on Ropes: Translators and the Balance of History, is published by Profile Book

]]> 0
JMCSS says CWY students to enter school by August, not 45-day plan Fri, 11 Jun 2021 02:09:04 +0000

Less than a month ago, the Jackson-Madison County school system introduced a 45-day three-part plan for moving into furniture and equipment and starting school at the renovated Jackson Central-Merry High which is reopening as a 6-12 grade school and the new Madison Academic.

Even if construction is completed on time at these facilities – which have been negotiated and are expected to reopen in August – the school would not start until October but no earlier than September, according to the original 45-day transition plans created by the school system. . These plans indicated September dates only if CWY had priority over the delayed construction of Madison.

Read more: CWY renovated, Madison’s new opening dates could also be late October but not before September

But after announcing these plans – which led the JMCSS leadership to deliberate on dates from September to late October – Superintendent Marlon King decided he wanted the students to be integrated into the renovated CWY sooner, because its completion was more advanced than that of Madison and makes it a building.